The United Nations’ concern about Human Rights in Bahrain

Recently, the United Nations has voiced its concern about torture and the Human Rights situation in Bahrain.

On 2 June 2015, the United Nations’ office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights published a letter send out on 13 May 2015 to the Bahraini Government regarding Mr Nabeel Rajab’s imprisonment, Human Rights Defender and President of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, currently serving a six-months sentence over a tweet he wrote in September 2014, and facing up to 10 years in prison if convicted under another case (for which he is accused of inciting hatred in wartime and insulting a statutory body through a series of tweets and an article he wrote in March 2015).
The letter, written by Mr Tugushi, UN Rapporteur on reprisals under Article 19 of the Convention Against Torture (UN CAT Convention, and Vice-Chair of the Committee Against Torture), calls up on the Bahrain government to abide to Article 13 of the UN CAT which states that “Steps shall be taken to ensure that the complainant and witnesses are protected against all ill-treatment or intimidation as a consequence of his complaint or any evidence given”. This shows Mr Tugushi’s concern for Nabeel Rajab as his detention and imprisonment are a direct consequence of his peaceful work as a Human Rights Defender and his monitoring and documentation activities in Bahrain.

Further, on 5 June the office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights mentioned Bahrain in a press briefing. The note reads:

“We are concerned about the harsh treatment of detainees at the Jaw Prison in Bahrain following a riot there in early March which was put down by security forces using rubber bullets, tear gas and shotguns, resulting in many injuries but no deaths. After the riot was quelled, the detainees were allegedly forced to spend 10 days out in the open courtyard of the prison before eventually being placed in two large plastic tents (reportedly around 300 detainees per tent). Around 100 other detainees — those accused of instigating the unrest — were subsequently transferred to another section of the Jaw prison, and there are allegations that they were subjected to ill-treatment and torture.

We urge the authorities to conduct impartial, speedy and effective investigations and to ensure that any victims of torture or ill-treatment have access to appropriate remedies. We remind the authorities in Bahrain there is an absolute prohibition of torture under international law. There are no exceptions whatsoever to that prohibition in any circumstances.

We are also particularly concerned about two individuals currently in detention in Bahrain, namely Sheikh Ali al-Salman, the Secretary General of al-Wefaq political party and Nabeel Rajab, one of Bahrain’s most prominent and respected human rights defenders.

Sheikh Ali al-Salman was arrested on 28 December 2014. His pre-trial detention has been repeatedly extended since then, and he is expected to be sentenced later this month. Al-Salman and his lawyers say they have consistently been prevented by the court from presenting oral arguments. It is further reported that Al-Salman and his legal representatives have not been provided with any meaningful opportunity to examine the evidence. Back in January, as you may remember, the UN, including the UN Human Rights Office, called for his immediate release. We repeat that call today.

Nabeel Rajab was arrested on 2 April on charges related to insulting a statutory body (in other words, for reporting publicly on what was going on inside Jaw prison) and spreading rumours during wartime. If convicted, Rajab may face up to ten years in prison. He has already been sentenced to six months of detention, a verdict that was confirmed by the Court of Appeal on 14 May.

A lasting resolution to the instability that has plagued Bahrain is not going to be reached solely through reliance on security means or through repressive measures aimed at silencing critical voices. It needs to be through a genuine dialogue between the Government and the opposition without preconditions.

In order to create a conducive environment, all sides should exercise maximum restraint and avoid further provocations. The path to such a solution is clearly laid down in the recommendations of the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review here in Geneva, the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry and Bahrain’s National Human Rights Commission.”

ECDHR warmly welcomes the United Nations’ calls upon the Bahraini government to stop abuses, torture and ill-treatment and to abide by the recommendations issued by BICI and UPR, as well as by International Law.

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