European Parliament Resolution on the annual report on the implementation of the Common Foreign and Security Poli

On December 12th, 2018 the European Parliament adopted a resolution on the annual
report on the implementation of the Common Foreign and Security Policy where it welcomes
the decision of the governments of Germany, Denmark and Finland to halt arms sales to
Saudi Arabia.

On October 25 th , 2018 the European Parliament approved a resolution on the killing of journalist
Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. In the text the Parliament condems the torture
and killing of Jamal Khashoggi urging Saudi authorities to disclose the whereabouts of his remains
and recalls that “the systematic practice of enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings
constitutes a crime against humanity”. In the resolution the  VP/HR Federica Mogherini and EU
Member States are called to impose targeted sanctions as well as human rights sanctions against
the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Only few months later, the European Parliament in the occasion of the publishment of the annual
report on the implementation of the Common Foreign and Security Policy felt the need to
dedicate on part of the resolution to Saudi Arabia both in regards of violations committed in the
Yemeni conflict and on the case of Khashoggi.

Casella di testo: More on the case of Jamal Khashoggi:
Jamal Khashoggi was a Saudi journalist, reporter and author, he was the General Manager and Editor-in-Chief of Al Arab News Channel. He began his career as a correspondent for the Saudi Gazette Daily, continuing his career as a journalist for various daily and weekly Arab newspapers until 1990. He was appointed as a foreign correspondent to cover events on Afghanistan, Algeria, Kuwait, Sudan and the Middle East from 1991 to 1999.  Khashoggi served as editor for the Saudi Arabian newspaper Al Watan, considered the pioneering reformist newspaper in Saudi Arabia. For decades, he was close to the Saudi royal family also serving as an adviser to the government until Khashoggi criticized the arrests of human rights defenders and the reform plans of the Crown Prince, and lived self-imposed exile in the US.
On September 2018 he first visited the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul to obtain certifying documents of his divorce and later returned to the Consulate on October 2nd. Khashoggi entered in order to obtain documents for his planned marriage and as no camera recorded his exit from the Consulate he was declared missing. Saudi Arabia consistently denied any knowledge of Khashoggi’s disappearance claiming that the reports on his disappearance or possible death were false accusations.
Turkish officials  soon claimed there was evidence that he was murdered in the Consulate, but Saudi officials did not admit he had been murdered until more than two weeks later. Saudi’s Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir declared that the killing of the journalist was part of a rogue operation from authorities inside the Consulate, declaring that they had done a tremendous mistake.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The resolution dedicates a paragraph to the grave violations of international humanitarian and
human rights law committed by all sides in the Yemeni conflict. A specific reference is made to the
Saudi Arabia-led coalition and Houthi rebels which have attacked indiscriminately civilians. The
European Parliament welcomes the decision taken by the governments of Germany, Denmark and
Finland to halt arms sales to the Kingdom. On the other hand, the EP calls on EU member states to
take EU-wide “sanctions against those responsible for the murder of the Saudi journalist Jamal
Khashoggi”.

The European Centre for Democracy and Human Rights (ECDHR) welcomes measures taken
by the government of Germany, Denmark and Finland on arm trade with Saudi Arabia. The war in Yemen led to the indiscriminate death of civilians against international humanitarian law. We encourage both parties to undertake a political dialogue to find a durable solution to this tremendous conflict and we call on other Member states to follow the decision of these three governments.

Moreover, the ECDHR calls on member states to take a common position and action against those
responsible for the terrible death of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi. This brutal death is proof of the fact that journalists and human rights defenders are daily persecuted and risk their lives in
expressing their opinion and encouraging governments to undertake concreate reform in order to
ensure fundamental freedoms.

 

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